My Annotated Bibliography
Deitsch, Richard. "Q& A: DaMarcus Beasley: The 23-year-old U.S national soccer team star is currently playing in Holland for PSV Eindhoven.(Scorecard)(Brief Article)(Interview)." Sports Illustrated 103.16 (Oct 24, 2005): 24. Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This text is an interview with one of the players from our national team, DeMarcus Beasley. In the interview, he gives his opinion on the differences between american soccer and soccer overseas, specifically in Holland. I feel like this source will be a good one to pull quotes from, as he gives an american perspective on how soccer is viewed overseas. Although this will not be one of my primary sources, it will be useful in adding to the overall feeling that most people in the U.S. share concerning soccer’s popularity and growth.
Duodu, Cameron. "World Cup, here we come! Oh, the joys of football. At long last, the glamorous Black Stars of Ghana have qualified for the 2006 World Cup in Germany. How it reminds all of us--full-blooded Ghanaian boys--of the good old days when we kicked stones and pebbles about, whilst trying to turn ofuntum (gum tree) juice and other things into footballs.(Under the Neem Tree)." New African 446 (Dec 2005): 46(2). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This article gives a different perspective concerning soccer’s growth around the world; specifically, from a native of Ghana. He delves into how soccer is developed in Africa, going into extreme detail concerning the rough conditions the people deal with. This includes playing on gravel paths, with balls made of rubber sap. He also gives clues as to why soccer is so popular in Africa, and in turn, around most of the world. This article will be useful in helping me develop reasons why soccer has gained popularity in areas outside of the U.S.
Ewing, Jack. "A Tough Game For Eurosport; The all-sports channel broadcasts it all, to 54 countries in 19 languages. But without access to the Premier League soccer games, it's a tough scrimmage." Business Week 3955 (Oct 17, 2005): 52. Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This article, from Business Week, focuses on the TV channel Eursport. It explains the problems that come with attempts to air soccer games that people will watch, considering the fact that all the big leagues have strong TV deals. Think of it in a similar vein to ABC owning the rights to Monday Night Football. It then discusses the troubles that the company is going through, in attempting to reach broader audiences through various programs stressing growth. I will use this article mainly to highlight some of the reasons that soccer, from a media standpoint, struggles.
Keating, Frann. "The glory's gone.(SPECTATOR SPORT, soccer)." Spectator 299.9243 (Oct 1, 2005): 79(1). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This text examines how soccer is treated by observers and spectators in England. It also talks about how people react to low-scoring games, and how this effects peoples perceptions of soccer as a sport. I will use this article in order to give a British perspective on how soccer is not covered by the media, and in what ways people can work to fix this and help alleviate the situation. It also goes into the differences between seeing a match in person and watching it on tv. I will use this section to help describe how important soccer matches are for supporters, in similar ways to american’s going to their respective teams games whenever they can
Murray, W. J. The World's Game : A History of Soccer. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.
This book is a good source of information on the sport of soccer in general, over its entire history. It explains soccer from its roots, and goes into the reasons for its growths (or lack thereof) in the world. It also describes soccer as an ambassador of sorts for nations around the world, as it is able to bring together several different races and cultures with a simple game. Soccer is known as the "Beautiful Game," and this book explains why this is an accepted idea in almost all of the world.
Price, Stuart. "Africa: World Cup fever; The achievement of the four African nations--Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo and Angola--who will travel to Germany next year and make their debut on football's greatest stage is nothing short of remarkable, especially considering that three of the four are neighbouring countries. The other African qualifier is Tunisia. Stuart Price reports.(Around Africa)." New African 445 (Nov 2005): 20(1). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This article focuses on soccer in Africa, and the importance that is placed in making the World Cup in order to further the sport, nationally and globally. When we saw the World Cup come to the US (1994), soccer in the US received a small burst of coverage for soccer is a sport. This article examines how this boom is beginning to hit Africa, and enhance a sport that is played in Africa to a sport that is being covered in media as well. I will use this article to show the things that a continent like Africa is doing in order to give more popularity to soccer as a sport, and to perhaps give our own country some clues as to what can be done.
Serafini, Dom. "Italian soccer fans Americas' TV fans." Video Age International 25.6 (Oct 2005): 1(3). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This article will be one of my main sources, due to its extensive amount of information. It describes soccer in Italy as "Hollywood," and relates soccer as its "key entertainment vehicle." Italian soccer players are stars in their home countries, something that U.S. soccer players have not yet achieved. I will use this article to describe and report what soccer has reached in foreign countries, as a social catalyst for style, fashion, and pop culture.
Szymanski, Stefan. National Pastime : How Americans Play Baseball and the Rest of the World Plays Soccer. Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, 1960.
This book, written in 1960, is particularly interesting because of its examination of baseball taking over the United States, while the rest of the world embraced soccer. Because it was written in the midst of the crossover, it gives strong reasoning for both the United State’s hesitance with soccer and the rest of the worlds love affair with the sport. This will be one of my primary sources, as its length and amount of information will be vital for my controversy study. Although it is old, it’s age does not detract from the perspective that it offers on the reasons why soccer never grew in the United States.
Vivarelli, Nick, John Hopewell, Liza Klaussman, Ed Meza, and Steve Clarke. "The rights stuff: soccer scores big in new media.(TELEVISION/INTERNATIONAL)." Variety 401.13 (Feb 13, 2006): 30(1). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This is another article that I will be using a large amount of information from throughout my paper. It gives a country by country analysis of the media’s impact in several European countries. Italy, Spain, France, Germany, and the UK are all featured and discussed at length. It explains the reasons why the game’s tv rights are in such demand, and goes on to examine the omnicsent presence that soccer emits over the media and culture. This article will be useful due to its extensive research on overseas soccer coverage, and in turn, impact.
Weber, Bruce. "Growing the game: under the guidance of Hank Steinbrecher, the former Secretary General of the U.S. Soccer Federation, American soccer came of age.(PERSON TO PERSON)(Interview)." Coach and Athletic Director 75.5 (Dec 2005): 36(6). Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
This will, without a doubt, be one of my primary sources. It is a direct interview with a man who helped lead soccer in America to what it is today. Considering the changes we have seen in the 90's and into the present, it is easy to understand his influence on the game in the US. The interviewee, Mr. Steinbrecher, overs his opinions on soccer’s status in the United States, as opposed to overseas. He also reveals some of his personal experiences and accomplishments on bringing soccer into its current state.
Wentz, Laurel. "Goal-oriented game; Expect a flurry of ad action as World Cup scores with Latino fans." Advertising Age 77.5 (Jan 30, 2006): S1. Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 26 February 2006.
I found this article to be helpful due to its descriptions of the media’s focus on Hispanic viewers and/or listeners. It goes into detail about the reasons why this is happening, and helps to describe its impact on Americans, as the primary minority is moving quickly to overwhelmingly Latino. It shows the lengths to which media groups will go, just to generate buzz about a game or a team. It also moves into the importance of the upcoming World Cup, and the buzz that is surrounding that event.